Friday, 23 June 2017

Vale Myles Roser

It is with great sadness that Coffs Harbour Garden Club this week farewelled one of our long-standing and highly valued members in Myles Roser.  Myles joined the Garden Club in 1992, and his wonderful service to both our Club and the Coffs Harbour community in general was widely acknowledged and appreciated.  Myles was a true gentleman, an excellent gardener and a wonderful contributor in so many ways.

Myles receiving the GCA Ann Williams Clark Medallion from President Geoff Bell

Myles received the Garden Clubs of Australia Ann Williams Clark Medallion in December 2013.  The award citation outlined Myles' involvement in the CHGC particularly well, and so I thought it would be nice to repost it in full so that all our members can reflect on his wonderful contribution.  

Myles Roser is the quiet 'behind the scenes' man in the Coffs Harbour Garden Club and in the 20 years that he has been a member he has been totally involved in the life and activities of the Club. If something has to be done, then Myles is your man.

Service and Involvement
Over the years Myles has stepped in to fill the roles of absent members and was the Catering Officer for some years. He is a Club representative on the Coffs Harbour Show Pavilion Committee, where the Garden Club is responsible for staging and organising the Plants, Flowers and Vegetable Section in the Show Pavilion. He is also one of the co-ordinators organising the displays of Craft, Horticulture, Agriculture, Cooking and Schools exhibits and attends regular meetings and working bees of the Pavilion Committee to prepare, plan and maintain equipment and fixtures used in the Show each year.

An All Round Helper and Inspiration
He is an indispensable helper at each meeting, as he is one of the first to arrive and set up the meeting room organising the tables and chairs, setting up the library and the Trading Table, filling the urn and making sure the tables are set up for Afternoon Tea. He directs visitors to the Attendance Book and the Competition Table and welcomes them to the club. He has at times been responsible for the 'Hint of the Month', and presented the 'Gardener's Diary' for many years. Myles is an inspiration to our members for his dedication, his active participation in the life of the Club, his sense of humour and his ability to share knowledge and skills. When anyone has a practical gardening question Myles is the first person they ask.

Through his activities at the Show he is continually promoting our Club in the Community and encourages gardeners to join our club. He was also the chief organiser of our fund raising BBQ's each year, purchasing all the supplies and even peeling 20 kilos of onions each time (!) and is an indefatigable worker at all the other events that the Garden Club participates in every year. He is also famous for his sandwiches, which he supplies on many of our outings and club events.

A Mentor and Teacher
Myles is always cheerful and friendly. He is a good organiser of people and activities and has helped organise club outings over many years. He is a most willing and enthusiastic member, who plays an important role in the Club and is recognised in the wider community for his contribution to the Coffs Harbour Show, where he was on the Committee of the Show Society for many years. He is also a successful exhibitor winning many prizes for his roses and pot plants each year, as well as being a regular contributor to our Monthly Competition Bench at our club meetings. (He always enters under his wife's name as he famously quips each time: 'He is the grower, she is the shower', but non-the-less we all know that the plants are really Myles's flowers and plants.)

Always involved in the Annual Garden Competition as a driver for the judge, he encourages other members to accompany him so that they can become familiar with this task and take over in the future. He is always concerned that as many people as possible are given the opportunity to learn and be involved. Myles opens his garden twice a year to promote the Village where he lives and has invited our Garden Club and Garden Clubs visiting Coffs Harbour to see his garden and loves to give plants and cuttings to anyone who asks, especially plants that he has propagated himself.

When asked if the club wished to nominate anyone for this award, the members were unanimous in their support of Myles for his outstanding contribution to our Club and to our community.'

Myles in his acceptance speech, said that Rhona Brooks, Coffs Garden Club President in the early 1990's noticed the Roser's beautiful garden and encouraged Myles and Pat to become members of the Club. This was the commencement of their journey with CHGC. Myles went on to add that there have been many notable events and activities during his 20 year involvement and he has enjoyed all aspects of being a club member. It is testament to this attitude that the CHGC nominated such a worthy recipient for this award.

Even when he received this award he made mention of the importance of team work and encouraged any new members to get involved as it was a wonderful stepping stone to making solid friendships with like minded people.

Myles has been Pat's backup every step of the way. During the time that Pat held (and still is) positions on either the Executive or as a Sub-Committee member, Myles would wholeheartedly support her in any way possible. 

I have to agree that his 'sangas' were legendary and he seemed to make them so effortlessly and with great cheer for meetings, outings and at the Coffs Show. He was generous in sharing his knowledge and actively encouraged people to participate within the club and community. 

Myles Roser you have been a wonderful CHGC member and will be sorely missed.  May you Rest in Peace.

Myles and Pat on a CHGC outing

Tuesday, 20 June 2017

A Long Walk

Roaming CHGC member Simon is still visiting England and he recently took a rather long walk through Windsor Great Park which is on the border of Berkshire and Surrey.  

Simon writes: 'If you don't mind a decent walk (20-25kms), there are some amazing tracks in and around the almost 5,000 acre Great Windsor Park south of Windsor. Today I walked out towards the Copper Horse via 'The Long Walk', left the western edge of the Great Park at Queen Anne's Ride, and explored the medieval Moat Park. The remains of ancient oaks marking the boundaries of this Park are still present. This shot above was taken from the ridge line south of Flemish Farm looking back to Windsor Castle. The outline of the castle is clearly visible in the centre of the photo.'

Ancient oaks marking the boundaries of Moat Park dating
back to the 1400s

Heading back to Windsor Castle via Queen Anne's Ride -
no sign of Queen Anne I'm afraid!

Thanks for sharing your walk with us Simon. 

It's All About the Colour Green

image GardenDrum - 

Catherine Stewart from GardenDrum has written a fantastic post on green coloured flowers and bracs.  It's a fantastic article with the most beautiful images and can be seen here

Tuesday, 13 June 2017

1927 A Good Vintage

2017 marks the 90th birthdays of some of Australia's most remarkable horticultural icons. These four enthusiastic gardening people have made a significant and lasting impression and we have looked to them for inspiration, guidance and excellent advice for many years. 

Peter Cundall

image ABC Hobart
On 1 April it was Peter Cundall's 90th birthday. Peter with his 'bloomin' marvellous' and passionate, quick, energetic hands-on approach to ABC Gardening's 'The Patch' segment (filmed at the Royal Tasmanian Botanic Garden), made for some pretty impressive television.

Peter was born in Manchester and he has often said that his family were 'the poorest of the poor'. This may have been the major driver to his 'messing around in the dirt', supplementing fresh vegetables for the family table.

Towards the end of WWII he was conscripted to the British Army and this served as a major break with Manchester, eventually settling in his now beloved Tasmania in 1956.

Peter started a gardening and landscaping business in Launceston and was asked to host a gardening talkback program on a commercial radio station in 1967 (this is believed to be the world's first program of its kind). It was in 1969 that he made the switch from commercial radio to ABC Radio and soon after that his debut on our television screens. Peter appeared on a gardening program seen each Friday night before the 7pm news in Tasmania. 

In 1972 the ABC decided to build on this local gardening segment and commenced production of a show called 'Landscape'. This was then expanded from a Tasmanian-only program in 1990 into a national program under the banner of Gardening Australia, Peter was their first anchor host and continued in this role until 2008.

Peter's 90th Birthday cake - ABC Hobart
Peter Cundall has received a range of awards and recognition for his work, including an Order of Australia for services to the environment in 2007, an Australian Humanitarian Award in 2005 and in 2009 was named Tasmanian of the Year. 

Peter was involved in many protests - against the Franklin Dam in the 1970s and '90s and in 2000s he was arrested for protesting against the proposed Tamar Valley pulp mill.

Shirley Stackhouse

Fairfax image
Shirley Stackhouse was born into a nursery-owning family in Brisbane so it is no wonder her life's work revolved around horticulture. Her father and uncles ran the Pacific Nurseries and her Grandfather, George Henry Heers, was a well-known rose grower. 

Gatton Agricultural College was the only place to study horticulture in Queensland and they only admitted boys, so that wasn't an option for the young Shirley. When she moved to Sydney in 1964 Shirley studied at Sydney's Ryde School of Horticulture (which has an enviable reputation in horticulture training circles) where many of our recognised gurus of gardening studied.  

Shirley is known for her writing and illustrating of popular columns for The Sydney Morning Herald and Woman's Day, many gardening books and also as the host of 'Over the Fence' radio gardening show.

'My Gardening Year' is a fabulous book combining beauty with practicality and full of solid, reliable advice, illustrated with photographs and Shirley's own beautiful line drawings. This book is a must for any gardener - novice or experienced as there is such a wealth of information contained in it.

Other books by Shirley are: 'The Five-Minute Vegetable Gardener', 'Five Minute Flower Gardener', 'Gardening for Dummies' 'The Australian House And Garden Book of Azaleas' and many more. All very good resources for anyone who loves to garden - or who like to learn!

Shirley has been honoured as Horticulturalist of the Year by the Horticultural Media Association and awarded an Order of Australia in 2005 for services to horticulture.  

Peter Valder

image GardenDrum
Peter Valder's education took him from the University of Sydney to Cambridge and after graduating he went on to become a plant pathologist and mycologist (study of fungi). 

An office bearer of the Linnean Society (which promotes the cultivation and study of the science of natural history in all its branches) and the Australian Institute of Agricultural Science.   

Since popularising Australian botany and horticulture he has made many appearances on radio and television, written for magazines, taught biology as a senior lecturer at the Sydney Uni and lectured to organisations concerned with plants and gardens.

His love and interest in gardening has taken him to many areas throughout the world following his passion for plants. His family owned 'Nooroo' at Mt Wilson in the Blue Mountains from 1917 until 1992 and during this time they converted an old tennis court into a world famous wisteria garden. This garden contains a collection of 28 standard wisterias ranging in colour from white to deep purple. Peter's experience with this collection of wisterias led to his writing 'Wisterias', the first momograph (a detailed written study of a single specialised subject) on this genus in any European language. 
It was the success of this book that encouraged Peter to utilise his long-standing interest in Chinese plants and gardens to write 'The Garden Plants of China' which was awarded as the Reference Gardening Book of 1999 by the Garden Writer's Guild of the UK. This book looks at the huge contribution China has made to our cultural heritage through its cultivated plants - rice, citrus fruits, peaches, apricots and ornamental plants such as roses, camellias, azaleas, gardenias, wisterias, chrysanthemums and magnolias.

To recognise Peter's gifts of plants and voluntary work at the Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney, he was made their first Honorary Horticultural Associate in 1995 and a year later was awarded the Medal of the Order of Australia in recognition of his contribution to botany and horticulture.

Ben Swane

image NGINA
Ben Swane is affectionately know as 'The Legend' within Horticultural circles and deservedly so. He is so inured with all things horticultural that even as a young fella he had his fingers in the dirt. Ben's Dad said he could use some land for whatever purpose he wished and so the young lad started growing vegetables. So successful was he that a local greengrocer at West Ryde purchased vegetables from the 12 year old.

Both Ben and his brother Geoffrey, were educated at Newington Collage, Stanmore and Ben often says how he hated every day (most probably interrupted his commercial efforts at home with the vegetables!). Ben came to realise later in life that education is an important tool for life. Swane's Nursery set in place an apprenticeship scheme that was the envy of not only the horticultural, but many other industries as well. There are many of our current horticultural specialists who had their grounding at Swane's Dural nursery. The Swanes were all involved (and successful) in the horticultural industry - Valerie, Geoffrey and Ben all had solid work ethics. 

His contribution to the Nursery industry has been immense, serving on boards of the Nursery and Garden Industry Association and the Royal Agricultural Society of NSW for many years, attaining life membership of both. He is valued for his eminent body of horticultural knowledge and industry experience. For many years he has been advising the Australian Citrus Propagation Association, the Elizabeth Macarthur Agricultural Institute, the NSW Department of Industry and Investment, Plant Breeders' Rights Committee with the Department of Primary Industries and the International Plant Propagators' Society. He is a long serving member of Rotary and served for three decades as a district co-ordinator for the Red Shield Appeal.

image ABC Gardening
Widely acknowledged for his vast specialised horticultural knowledge and one of Australia's most accomplished rose growers, Ben's special gift is as an educator. Whether advising the novice gardener as a radio commentator with his quick wit, or speaking at gardening forums or conventions, his ability to engage the practical gardener in a calmly informative, yet accessible manner is unparalleled. 

An example of his wit comes to mind when a caller to Simon Marnie's Saturday Gardening segment on Sydney ABC radio said 'My husband has been using Glyphosate to clean up the weeds around the roses on our driveway and they are looking a bit sick, what can I give them to bounce back?' to which Ben quietly said 'Are the divorce papers through yet?'

When you ask Ben what is his most proud achievement? He responds, firstly my family and then the successful breeding and commercial success of a pencil pine 'Swanes Golden' Cupressus Sempervirens Stricta.  This tree was patented in the USA for 20 years and was a huge success for Ben. 

Over the years Ben has been recognised for his contribution to the horticultural industry: Department of Primary Industries awarded Ben in 1995 the Plant Breeders' Rights Registrars Award for recognition of his outstanding vision and contribution. In 2005 Ben was the recipient of the Graham Gregory Award for research and development in Australia. In 2008 he was awarded the Waratah Award, from the Nursery and Garden Industry NSW and ACT Ltd and lastly in 2011 he was awarded a Member of the Order of Australia for services to horticulture and to business, to the development of the Australian native plants export trade, and through executive roles with a range of industry based organisations. Now you know why he has the tag 'The Legend'.

In conclusion it has to be said that 1927 must have been an excellent year for babies to have a connection with mother earth. All of these four people have made awesome contributions and have worked until they were in their 80s. They are all still valued for their guidance and advice to the horticultural industry and devoted gardening enthusiasts.

Sunday, 11 June 2017


Flower of the Month - June 2017

image Peg's garden Woopi
KINGDOM: Plantae

ORDER: Ericales

FAMILY: Theaceae

GENUS: Camellia


Camellias are evergreen shrubs mostly with dark green slightly waxy leaves which flower from Autumn through Winter and then into Spring - depending on species and variety.

There are over 180 other species of camellia - and include the tea Camellia - C. sinensis (all the world's tea - black and green - comes from plantations of Camellia sinensis).

Within the Camellia 'family' there are many species. The most well known ones include, japonica, sasanqa, reticulata but the most unusal Camellia species is, C. Crapnelliana. It has seed pods almost as big as coconuts and such a great name, see picture right.
The Camellia was the flower of the month in June 2016 and in that post there are some 'Growing Problems and Solutions' included which might be interesting if your Camellia is looking a bit crook! Also there is a link to an article written by one of my all time favourite horticultural journos, Angus Stewart.

image Hamilton Gardens, New Zeland

Friday, 9 June 2017

A Bittersweet Day

Noelene's very creative farewell cake.  

Today Coffs Harbour Garden Club said farewell to one of our families the Reids - Barbara, Michael and Gavin.

We gathered at members Betty & Vice President Jane's. There was enough time for the early arrivals to have a look at the garden before the rain started. It may have been a bit miserable outdoors but the Durlers provided us with a beautiful lunch and were ably assisted by CHGC BBQ King, Pete.

It was a wonderful day, we are very sad to see this beautiful family leave Coffs, they have been very, very committed members of CHGC. Michael has been Secretary and Gavin our very knowledgeable Sub-tropical guru (he promises to still be available for advice!).

In every aspect of club activities the Reids have always been very willing participants - the air-side garden maintenance, Spring Garden Competition, meeting room set up, Gavin has been the competition table judge for years, and of course he has also done an excellent job with his meeting presentations on plants that grow well here on the Coffs Coast.

Gavin Reid, Michael Reid, Life Member & Past President Pat Roser, Myles Roser,
Past President Geoff Bell and Barbara Reid
We wish the Reid family many happy times in their new home at Kedron Qld. I would like to personally thank Gavin for his support and help with posts to this site.

Michael, Barbara and Gavin
From President Sue:
'Michael, Gavin & Barbara Reid have decided to move to Brisbane. We will certainly miss them. Gavin's presentations have been a real highlight of our meetings and of course it means we will have a new secretary for the Club. Michael has done a wonderful job since he took over the secretary's role and we all sincerely thank him for all the work he has done. Michael, Barbara and Gavin are leaving Coffs this month for the sunny skies of Brisvegas. With Michael's usual efficiency, the move has been arranged and executed in record time but not too quickly for Jane who managed to squeeze in a farewell BBQ so they know how much we will miss them.'

Rocket Launch

The schools' vegetable growing competition has taken off !!

Emails have been sent this week to ALL Coffs Regional Schools asking if they would like to participate in the rocket growing competition.

Each year, as an added element to the Spring Garden Competition, Coffs Harbour Garden Club conduct a vegetable growing competition for schools. Seeds are sent out to participating schools and it is up to Teachers and Students to integrate this into learning outcomes. 

CHGC are encouraging students to 'get their hands dirty' gardening, this shouldn't be too difficult as most schools have vegetable patches. The seed growing competition is judged before the main Spring Garden Competition and will happen during the week 4-8 September.

Mr Fothergill's Seeds are sponsoring this competition and Julie from Total Gardens has been in contact with the seed company and the seeds will be arriving shortly.

It is hoped that all responses from schools are in by the end of the current term so that the seeds can be dispatched in time for the new school term.

The growing of the rocket seeds will be a bit tricky as this leafy green has to be at its very best during judging week. It does have a very quick growth response. What has to be remembered though, is taste forms part of the judging criteria and big leaves aren't all that pleasant to eat. GIANT leaves are not the 'go', and with this in mind careful consideration must be taken when choosing the sowing time. Pictured left is rocket that has 'bolted' and is in flower - while these are still lovely to see in mixed salads, the leaves are not very palatable.

Good luck to all the participating schools in the Rocket Launch.

Saturday, 3 June 2017

'All About Flowers' - The Calyx

The Royal Botanic Garden Sydney has a world-class facility which opened in June 2016. As part of the celebration for its 200 year history the Botanic Garden opened an attraction called The Calyx. This new addition is integrating the Arc glasshouse (completed 1987), however the pyramid glass house (opened 1972) has been demolished to make way for this new addition, as it was deemed to be hazardous due to the degrading supports for the many panes of glass.

There has been a previous post on the Calyx and the Royal Botanic Garden Sydney on 1 July 2016 when I visited the first display 'Sweet Addiction: The Botanic Story of Chocolate' which was outstanding.

The Calyx building is an integrated mix of indoor and outdoor areas, with the ability for changes to these exhibition spaces possible. 

In many species of flowers, the calyx consists of leaf-like structures at the base of a flower that protect the flower during development. These leaf-like structures are individually referred to as sepals. There are often as many of these sepals as there are petals. The design of the building is stylelized on a flower calyx.

The new exhibition is called 'All About Flowers' and this opened in May and will remain so until 30 July 2017 with a gold coin donation entry. 

Massed moth orchids looking fantastic.

Massed Chrysanthemum Dendranthema grandiflora

Hydrangeas were used to ring one of the raised bed.

Wonderful orchids

Gerbera Daisy

I won't even attempt to give an accurate full list of the flowers in the entire display however from memory the vertical wall was a living mosaic of predominantly Colourwave Princettia in Bright Pink, Deep Pink, Candy Pin and Max White. These were interspersed with ornamental sweet potato Ipomaea cultivars, Dichondra silver falls and many other plants, all in small pots to make up the overall living mosaic. As the flowers and foliage plants are in pots they can be easily changed when they fade or become spent.

This also applies to the five raised island beds with each island having a limited combination of massed flowers - Gerbera Daisy, Chrysanthemum, Moth Orchid, Dianthus, Cyclamen with Hydrangeas, Jacobaea, Maidenhair fern, Cymbidum Orchid, Phlebodium fern and Zygocactus either as statement pots or surrounding the other flowers. It appeared that palm stumps were used around each of these island raised beds.

This visit to the Sydney Royal Botanic Garden was in the company of a four year old boy. I thought it might be interesting to include what 'floated his boat' on this outing.

A priority for Hugh was that HE would hold the map so we could track our progress through the Botanic Garden. So map in hand we made our way to The Calyx. Along the way he raced full pelt down the rose pergola and pavilion, zigzagged on the paths through the rose gardens all while re-enforcing his left from right at full pitch. 

Joy of joys! At The Caylx there were puddles to splash in (left from the early morning watering of the plants). This kept him very busy for quite a while.

He thought this rather large example of a flower rather neat and wanted to talk about each part - big discussion point this!

The 'Microeye' was the absolute hit of the day. There was a tray with mixed pieces of flora material for children to examine under the microscope with the image displayed on the screen. This totally fascinated Hugh and he spent quite a lot of time here.

Everything from that tray was examined in minute detail - he even had to see what his sultana snack looked like too.

The magnetic tree was the next to take his interest. The drawing material in the background didn't really capture his interest.

Hugh seemed to be fascinated with the botanical illustrations on the glass doors and pushed my knowledge somewhat......

Our day continued with a ferry and bus journey but before we left the Botanic Garden we had to rest his little legs on the Botanic Garden Choo Choo Express before we headed off to Circular Quay and more adventures.

Friday, 2 June 2017

What a Day for an Outing!

The first day of winter? Really? You'd never know it, as it was a very balmy 19 degrees on the Coffs Coast and a picture perfect day to visit two large gardens.

The first Thursday of each month, Coffs Harbour Garden Club go on an outing to visit gardens or places of interest that appeal to the membership.

This month it was the Northern Beaches region of Coffs that had the members travelling to.

Currently we have an Outings Committee of TWO very dedicated ladies who liaise with the destination owners on the optimum time for members to visit. 

There is great satisfaction to be found in our local gardens and gardeners. Take for instance Peg (pictured left in blue) who delights in her garden and it brings much joy to her. She gets such a thrill out of sharing her garden with other people and delights in visits from garden clubs and groups.

The gardens may not necessarily be large gardens (like the two this month) but each one has a uniqueness to offer the visitor.

From President Sue:
'After a bit of a rocky start, courtesy of my silly mistake with dates in the last newsletter, the June outing proceeded as it was intended. Thanks Noelene for the helpful calls to fix the mistake and to Jane for the great summary of the visit to Margaret Franks' and Peg Willmott's gardens.' 

From Vice President Jane's Outing Report:
'Members had a special treat this month in visiting Margaret's sprawling garden and museum.

The museum was her husband's special project. He had been collecting pub memorabilia and amazing porcelain for many years. What an incredible display. 

Margaret's garden is wild and rambling with so many plants, many rare, that a person could spend hours wandering around. A second look would also yield more that had gone unnoticed the first time around. Amazing roosters, chooks, guinea pigs and rabbits also share this garden. 

Many paths wind their way around the garden revealing secluded seating areas and a wonderful pergola, almost like an old fashioned bandstand. Some of her gorgeous plants include the silk crepe flower vine (Dalechampia dioscoreifolia), Newelli Red Cestrum (Cestrum fasciculatum) and the beautiful Dombeya which was high above the other shrubs.'

Margaret F.  is quite adept at coaxing plants that may not necessarily be entirely suited to the Coffs Subtropical environment. Members were very interested in seeing the unusual plants she has collected and successfully grown over the years.

From Outing Report:'Next we visited Peg's beautiful garden in Woopi. We had been there before but gardens are always changing, new things in flower, and what a treat it always is. Peg is still like a little motor the way she manages to negotiate the 3/4 km of paths and is full of tales and information. A garden well worth the visit.' 

It is amazing to see different ideas, methods, design, landscaping materials etc etc on the outings. Every time there is something of interest that we take away from each visit. 

Take, for example Peg's use of this neat pot stand which has been repurposed from a saucepan stand, just brilliant!

Peg has such a vast collection of pots and just can't resist striking cuttings from friends - this lady most certainly has a green thumb and you will see pots abounding in her garden - especially on the level area at the rear of her home.

The herbaceous border plantings were full of wonderful colour, visual texture and vigour.

The mature trees do afford these plants some protection during the hot summer months but now they have come into their own, showing off their unique form and colour.

This path beckons the visitor to explore the next vista - such a wonderful space.

Indeed members were able to amble along at their own pace and not really be aware that there were other visitors to this garden.

The borrowed landscape of the tall eucalypt trees in the background make for a stunning backdrop for some subtropical plants. The Euphorbia 'Diamond Frost' gives a wonderful froth of white too.

If there is a garden you know that the CHGC membership could visit please let either Pat R. or Marg F. know so they can negotiate a suitable time to visit. It is always a difficult task to come up with ideas for visits. Indeed if there are any members who would like us to visit that'd be great too.

The burgundy foliage takes the place of more traditional flowers to bring a shot of colour to this garden. 

Outing Report:
'Many cuttings were given to us from both gardeners which is always a bonus and much appreciated.'

A collection of Eurphobias and bromeliads really works wonderfully well.

Thank you once again for the Outing Committee for providing two wonderful gardens to visit once again.

Outing Report:
'Next we enjoyed a well-deserved lunch at the Woopi pub on the hill. A great day out.

Apologies from Pat who got lost many times and, dejected, returned home!'